Marko Keskinen

Senior University Lecturer, D.Sc. (Tech.)

phone: +358 50 4075171 (office, not mobile)
email: firstname.lastname @

Aalto profile:
New WDRG website:

Main interest in research and teaching:

  • Sustainability, resilience & security
  • Environmental governance
  • Transboundary water management
  • Multi-, cross-, inter- and transdisciplinary approaches
  • Science-policy-stakeholder interactions & team building

On-going and recent research projects:



I lecture and mentor in several other courses as well, including those under Sustainable Global Technologies (SGT) programme. I also collaborate with Aalto Ventures Program AVP, and participate in Luma Centre Aalto’s ‘Scientists in Schools’ initiative. I am also a member in AaltoENG’s Teaching Competence Assessment Committee.

I act as an Academic Coordinator for our new Master’s Programme in Water & Environmental Engineering (WAT). Information on how to apply for the Programme here & general information slides (in Finnish) here. Follow our tweets through


For selected e-lectures and presentations, click the links below:


Publications / research indexes:

ISI indexed articles: ResearcherID

Scopus indexed articles: Scopus

Google Scholar indexed articles: Scholar

ORCID funding and works: ORCID

Selected publications:

Haapala, J & Keskinen, M. 2018. Influence of different discourses on the outcomes of development policies and projects: Insights from water project implementation in Nepal, Environmental Policy and Governance, 2018: 1–12. 10.1002/eet.1799 [pdf]

Varis, O., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2017. Four dimensions of water security with a case of the indirect role of water in global food security, Water Security 1(1): 36-45. doi: 10.1016/j.wasec.2017.06.002 [pdf]

Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2016. Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins, Water 8(10), 446. doi: 10.3390/w8100446 [pdf]

Haapala, J., Rautanen, S., White, P., Keskinen, M. & Varis, Olli. 2016. Facilitating bricolage through more organic institutional designs? The case of water users’ associations in rural Nepal, International Journal of the Commons, (10):2. doi: 10.18352/ijc.688.

Hyvärinen, A., Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2016. Potential and Pitfalls of Frugal Innovation in the Water Sector: Insights from Tanzania to Global Value Chains, Sustainability, 8(888). doi: 10.3390/su8090888 [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Guillaume, J.H.A, Kattelus, M., Porkka, M., Räsänen, T.A. & Varis, O. 2016. The Water-Energy-Food Nexus and the Transboundary Context: Insights from Large Asian Rivers, Water, 8(5): 193. doi: 10.3390/w8050193 [pdf]

Jalilov, S., Keskinen, M., Varis, O., Amer, S. & Ward, F.A. 2016. Managing the water–energy–food nexus: Gains and losses from new water development in Amu Darya River Basin, Journal of Hydrology, 539: 648–661. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.05.071

Salmivaara, A., Kummu, M., Varis, O. & Keskinen, M. 2016. Socio-Economic Changes in Cambodia’s Unique Tonle Sap Lake Area: A Spatial Approach, Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 9(3): 413–432. doi: 10.1007/s12061-015-9157-z [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Someth, P., Salmivaara, A. & Kummu, M. 2015. Water-Energy-Food Nexus in a Transboundary River Basin: The Case of Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River Basin, Water, 7(10), 5416-5436. doi: 10.3390/w7105416 [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Kummu, M., Paradis, S., Salmivaara, A. & Sokhem, P. 2015. Using Scenarios for Information Integration and Science-Policy Facilitation: Case from
 the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia, In: Hatakka, A. & Vehmas, J. (Ed.): Proceedings of the Conference
 Sustainable Futures in a Changing Climate, Helsinki, Finland. [pdf]

Jalilov, S., Varis, O. & Keskinen, M. 2015. Sharing Benefits in Transboundary Rivers: An Experimental Case Study of Central Asian Water-Energy-Agriculture Nexus, Water, 7(9), 4778-4805. doi: 10.3390/w7094778

Salmivaara, A., Porkka, M., Kummu, M., Keskinen, M., Guillaume, J.H.A. & Varis, O. 2015. Exploring the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem in Spatial Water Assessments: A Case of Water Shortage in Monsoon Asia, Water, 7(3), 898-917. doi:10.3390/w7030898 [pdf]

Kattelus, M., Kummu, M., Keskinen, M. Salmivaara, A. & Varis, O. 2015. China’s southbound transboundary river basins: a case of asymmetry, Water International, 40(1): 113-138. doi: 10.1080/02508060.2014.980029 [pdf]

Räsänen, T.A., Joffre O., Someth, P., Tran Thanh, C., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2015. Model-based assessment of water, food and energy trade-offs in a cascade of multi-purpose reservoirs – A case study from the Sesan tributary of the Mekong River. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 141(1), 05014007. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000459

Keskinen, M., Inkinen, A., Hakanen, U., Rautavaara, A. & Niinioja, M. 2014. Water diplomacy: bringing diplomacy into water cooperation and water into diplomacy, in: Pangare, G. (Ed.): ‘Hydro-diplomacy: Sharing Water Across Borders‘, Academic Foundation. Pages 35-40. [pdf]

Varis, O., Enckell, K. & Keskinen, M. 2014. Integrated water resources management: horizontal and vertical explorations and the ‘water in all policies’ approach. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 30(3): 433-444. doi: 10.1080/07900627.2014.912130 [pdf]

Salmivaara A., Kummu M., Keskinen M. & Varis O. 2013. Using Global Datasets to Create Environmental Profiles for Data-poor Regions: a case from the Irrawaddy and Salween River Basins. Environmental Management (2013) 51:897-911. doi: 10.1007/s00267-013-0016-x

Keskinen, M., Kummu, M., Käkönen, M. & Varis, O. 2012. Mekong at the crossroads: next steps for impact assessment of large dams. Synopsis. Ambio, 41(3): 319-324. doi: 10.1007/s13280-012-0261-x [pdf]

Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2012. Institutional cooperation at a basin level: For what, by whom? Lessons learned from Cambodia’s Tonle Sap Lake. Special Issue for Rio+20, Natural Resources Forum, 36(1): 50-60. doi10.1111/j.1477-8947.2012.01445.x [pdf]

Lauri, H., de Moel, H., Ward, P. J., Räsänen, T.A., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2012. Future changes in Mekong River hydrology: impact of climate change and reservoir operation on discharge, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16(12): 4603-4619. doi: 10.5194/hess-16-4603-2012 [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Kummu, M., Käkönen, M. & Varis, O. 2012. Mekong at the Crossroads: Alternative Paths of Water Development and Impact Assessment, In: Ojendal, J., Hansson, S. & Hellberg, S. (Eds.): Politics and Development in a Transboundary Watershed – the Case of the Lower Mekong Basin, Springer. [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Chinvanno, S., Kummu, M., Nuorteva, P., Snidvongs, A., Varis, O. & Västilä, K. 2010. Climate change and water resources in the Lower Mekong River Basin: putting adaptation into the context. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 1(2): 103-117. doi:10.2166/wcc.2010.009 [pdf]

Nuorteva, P., Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2010. Water, livelihoods and climate change adaptation in the Tonle Sap Lake area, Cambodia: learning from the past to understand the future, Journal of Water and Climate Change, 1(1): 87-101. doi: 10.2166/wcc.2010.010 [pdf]

Friend, R., Arthur, R. & Keskinen, M. 2009. Songs of the Doomed: The Continuing Neglect of Capture Fisheries in Hydropower Development in the Mekong. In: Molle, F., Foran, T. & Käkönen, M. (Eds.): Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region – Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance, Earthscan. [pdf]

Sarkkula, J., Keskinen, M., Koponen, J., Kummu, M., Richey, J.E. & Varis, O. 2009. Hydropower in the Mekong Region: What Are the Likely Impacts upon Fisheries? In:  Molle, F., Foran, T. & Käkönen, M. (Eds.): Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region – Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance, Earthscan. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2008. Water Resources Development and Impact Assessment in the Mekong Basin: Which Way to Go? Ambio, 37(3): 193-198. [pdf]

Varis, O., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2008. Mekong at the crossroads. Ambio, 37(3): 146-149. [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Mehtonen, K. & Varis, O. 2008. Transboundary Cooperation vs. Internal Ambitions – The Roles of China and Cambodia in the Mekong region. In: Pachova, N.I. Nakayama, M. & Jansky, L. (Eds.): International water security: Domestic threats and opportunities, United Nations University Press. [pdf].

Keskinen, M. 2008. Population, natural resources & development in the Mekong: Does high population density hinder development?, In: Kummu, Keskinen & Varis (Eds.): Modern Myths of the Mekong: A critical review of water and development concepts, principles and policies, Water & Development Publications, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland.

Keskinen, M., Käkönen, M., Prom, T. & Varis, O. 2007. The Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia: water-related conflicts with abundance of water. The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 2(2): 49-59. [pdf]

Kummu, M., T. Sokvongsa, J. Sarkkula, J. Koponen, O. Kagna, L. Moniphea, U. Mengieng, M. Sampson, K. Irvine, S. Vermette, T. Tang & M. Keskinen (2007). A Modeling Framework and Preliminary Results in Assessing Phnom Penh’s Sewage Discharges, Journal of Water Management Modeling, R227-24. [pdf]

Sarkkula, J., Keskinen, M., Koponen, J., Kummu, M., Nikula, J., Varis O. & Virtanen, M. (2007). Mathematical modelling in integrated management of water resources. In: Lebel, L., Dore, J. Daniel, R. & Koma Y.S. (Eds): Democratizing water governance in the Mekong Region, Mekong Press, Bangkok. Pages 127-156. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2006. The Lake with Floating Villages: A socio-economic analysis of the Tonle Sap Lake. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 22(3): 463-480. doi: 10.1080/07900620500482568 [pdf]

Varis, O. & Keskinen, M. 2006. Policy Analysis for the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia: A Bayesian network model approach. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 22(3): 417-432. doi: 10.1080/07900620500482840 [pdf]

Varis, O., M. Kummu, M. Keskinen, J. Sarkkula, J. Koponen, U. Heinonen, & K. Makkonen. 2006. Integrated water resources management on the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply. 6 (5): 51–58. doi: 10.2166/ws.2006.843 [pdf]

Sarkkula, J., Baran, E., Chheng, P., Keskinen, M., Koponen, J. & Kummu, M. (2005). Tonle Sap Lake pulsing system and fisheries productivity, SIL Proceedings 1922-2010,
Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie: Verhandlungen. Volume 29(2): 1099-1102. [pdf]

Varis, O. & Keskinen, M. 2003. Socio-economic analysis of the Tonle Sap Region, Cambodia, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 19(2): 295-310. doi: 10.1080/0790062032000089374



Keskinen, M. 2010. Bringing back the common sense? Integrated approaches in water management: Lessons learnt from the Mekong, Doctoral Thesis, Water & Development Publications, Aalto University, Finland. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2003. Socio-economic survey of the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Master’s Thesis, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland. [pdf]


Julkaisuja suomeksi (publications in Finnish):

Taka, M., Kummu, M., Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2018. Tohtorinkoulutuksen ja vesialan tutkimuksen yhteiskehittäminen, Vesitalous 29(1): 27-29. [pdf]

Sojamo, S., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2017. Kestävästi vettä ja ruokaa kaikille. Kirjassa Ahola (toim): Kirjava käsikirja kestävään kehitykseen: 115-136, Tammi. [pdf]

Sojamo, S., Ahopelto, L., Marttunen, M., Belinskij, A., Veijalainen, N. & Keskinen, M. 2017. Vesiturvallisuus – mikä sen merkitys on Suomelle? Vesitalous 58(6): 20-24. [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Kantola, A., Mäkinen, J. & Salonen, A. 2017. Miten yhteiskehittää kokonaisturvallisuutta? Tieteidenvälisiä näkemyksiä Winland-hankkeesta, Tiede ja ase, 75(2017): 124-154. [pdf]

Räsänen, T., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2017. Vesivoiman vaikutusten arviointia Mekong­joella – oppeja suomalaiselle vesiosaamiselle, Vesitalous 58(4): 39-44. [pdf]

Lonkila, K-M., Sojamo S. & Keskinen, M. 2017. Mitä Suomi voi tehdä globaalin vesikriisin ratkaisemiseksi?, Ympäristötiedon foorumi. [pdf]

Keskinen, M., Rekolainen, S., Sojamo, S. & Varis, O. 2016. Riskit hallintaan vesi-energia-ruoka –nexuksen avulla? Vesitalous 57(4): 24-26 (4/2016). [pdf]

Vahala, R. & Keskinen M. 2015. Vesi- ja ympäristötekniikan DI-koulutus uudistuu. aq 3/2015. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. & Vahala, R. 2014. Aallon vesitekniikan opetus uudistuu: kohti tulevaisuuden superosaajaa? Vesitalous 55(1): 9-10 (1/2014). [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2011. Kohti kokonaisvaltaisempaa veden hallintaa – mutta miten? Vesitalous 52(4): 5–7 (4/2011). [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2010. Vesikriisejä voidaan ehkäistä vain yhteistyöllä. Vieraskynä, Helsingin Sanomat. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2010. Kohti vesidemokratiaa. Teoksessa: Portin, A. (toim.): Kirja Vedestä, Siemenpuu-säätiö & Into Kustannus. [pdf]

Kuismin, L., Heikinheimo, E., Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2008. Vesijalanjälki – mittari todelliselle vedentarpeellemme. Artikkeli vesijalanjäljestä sekä Akva:n ja Vesi & kehitys -ryhmän sille tekemästä vesijalanjälkilaskurista, Vesitalous 49(1): 10–13 (1/2008). [pdf]

Keskinen, M. 2007. IWRM – kokonaisvaltainen vesivarojen hallinta. Vesitekniikan perusteet-kurssin luentomoniste, Teknillinen korkeakoulu.

Varis, O., Kummu, M., Keskinen, M. & Heinonen, U. 2007. Vesi ei kunnioita rajoja. Polysteekki-lehti 04/2007, Teknillinen korkeakoulu. [pdf]

Keskinen, M. & Käkönen, M. 2005. Mekongin alueen ihmiset elävät vedestä. Vesitalous-lehti 45(6): 13–19 (6/2005) [pdf]

Keskinen, M. & Kummu, M. 2005. Vesiteesit – katse tulevaan, Vesitalous, 45(1): 14–17 (1/2005). [pdf]

Vakkilainen, P., Keskinen, M. & Varis, O. 2002. Globaalien vesikysymysten opetus: Teekkarit Mekong-joen kimpussa, Vesitalous. 43(1): 9-11 (1/2002). [pdf]